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Educational Resources

Online Resources

Adams Papers Digital Edition. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston.

America’s Presidents. The National Portrait Gallery.

The First Ladies: Biographies and Portraits. The White House Historical Association.

First Ladies Research. First Ladies’ National Library.

Hagner, Isabella. Memoirs of Isabella Hagner 1901­–1905. White House collection, Isabella Hagner James Papers, Office of the Curator. Edited by Priscilla Roosevelt. White House Historical Association. Accessed March 23, 2020.

Washington, Martha. “Martha Washington: A Life.” George Washington’s Mount Vernon and Center for History and New Media.

The U.S. Presidents. The Miller Center, University of Virginia.


Selected References

Adams, Louisa Catherine. Diary and Autobiographical Writings of Louisa Catherine Adams. 2 vols. Edited by Judith S. Graham and C. James Taylor. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2013.

Allgor, Catherine. A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2007.

Black, Allida M. The First Ladies of the United States of America. 15thed. Washington, D.C.: White House Historical Association, 2019.

Boller, Paul F. Presidential Wives: An Anecdotal History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Buell, Augustus C. History of Andrew Jackson: Pioneer, Patriot, Soldier, Politician, President. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1904.

Bush, Barbara. Millie’s Book: As Dictated to Barbara Bush. New York: Quill, 1992.

Caroli, Betty Boyd. First Ladies: From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Cleveland, Rose Elizabeth. Precious and Adored: The Love Letters of Rose Cleveland and Evangeline Simpson Whipple, 1890-1918. Edited by Lizzie Ehrenhalt and Tilly Laskey. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2019.

Coolidge, Grace. Grace Coolidge: An Autobiography. Edited by Lawrence E. Wikander and Robert H. Ferrell. Worland, Wyoming: High Plains Publishing Company, 1992.

Duffey, E. B. The Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Etiquette: A Complete Manual of the Manners and Dress of American Society Containing Forms of Letters, Invitations, Acceptances, and Regrets. Philadelphia: Porter and Coates, 1877.

Geer, Emily Apt. First Lady: The Life of Lucy Webb Hayes. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1984.

Gould, Louis L. American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. New York: Garland, 1996.

Graddy, Lisa Kathleen, and Amy Pastan. The Smithsonian First Ladies Collection. Washington,

D.C.: Smithsonian Books, 2014.

Grant, Julia Dent. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant (Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant). Edited by John Y. Simon. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1975.

Jefferson, Isaac Granger. Memoirs of a Monticello Slave. Edited by Rayford W. Logan. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1951.

Johnson, Lady Bird. A White House Diary. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007.

Nelson, Anson, and Fannie Nelson. Memorials of Sarah Polk: Wife of the Eleventh President of the United States. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph, 1892.

Obama, Michelle. Becoming. New York: Crown, 2018.

Parks, Lillian Rogers, with Frances Spatz Leighton. My Thirty Years Backstairs at the White House. New York: Fleet, 1961.

Pine, Joslyn T. Wit and Wisdom of America's First Ladies: A Book of Quotations. Mineola, New York: Dover, 2014.

Reagan, Nancy. My Turn: The Memoirs of Nancy Reagan. New York: Random House, 2011.

Robbins, Jhan. Bess and Harry: An American Love Story. New York: Putnam, 1980.

Roberts, Cokie. Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation. New York: Harper Collins, 2018.

Schneider, Dorothy, and Carl J. Schneider. First Ladies: A Biographical Dictionary. 3rd ed. New York: Facts on File, 2010.

Schwartz, Marie Jenkins. Ties that Bound: Founding First Ladies and Slaves. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Seager, Robert. And Tyler Too: A Biography of John and Julia Tyler. New York: McGraw Hill, 1963.

Shaw, John, ed. Crete and James: Personal Letters of Lucretia and James Garfield. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1994.

Sibley, Katherine A. S., ed. A Companion to First Ladies. Malden, MA: John Wiley and Sons, 2016.

Smith, Nancy Kegan, and Mary C. Ryan. Modern First Ladies: Their Documentary Legacy. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1989.

Swain, Susan. First Ladies: Presidential Historians on the Lives of Forty-Five Iconic American Women. New York: PublicAffairs, 2015.

Taft, Mrs. William Howard. Recollections of Full Years. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1914.

Troy, Gil. Affairs of State: The Rise and Rejection of the Presidential Couple Since World War II. New York: Free Press, 1997.

Watson, Robert P. American First Ladies. 3rd ed. Ipswich, MA: Salem Press, 2015.

Watson, Robert P., and Anthony J. Eksterowicz, eds. The Presidential Companion: Readings on the First Ladies. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2006.

Wilson, Edith Bolling. My Memoir. New York: Arno Press, 1980. First published 1939 by the Bobbs-Merrill Company (Indianapolis and New York).

Whitcomb, John, and Claire Whitcomb. Real Life at the White House: 200 Years of Daily Life at America’s Most Famous Residence. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Woolfall, Lila Graham Allger. Presiding Ladies of the White House: Containing Biographical Appreciations Together with a Short History of the Executive Mansion and a Treatise on Its Etiquette and Customs. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of National Literature and Art, 1903.


Classroom Resources

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